The trading centre clustered around the former kingdom of Sambas, north of Pontianak imported silk and metallic threads.

The most sumptuous textile was the kain padang terbakar, completely covered with the closely patterned songket.

Often a gold chain motif, rantai mas, is woven in supplementary weft to signify that all humans are connected to each other.

cf Cita Tenun Indonesia. “Tenun”, KITLV – Jakarta, Jakarta, 2010
Sylvia Fraser-Lu, “Handwoven Textiles of South-East Asia”, OUP, Singapore 1988